Document Detail

Tissue Doppler echocardiographic evidence of atrial mechanical dysfunction in coronary artery disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16243110     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Atrial function is an integral part of cardiac function which is often neglected. The presence of coronary artery disease (CAD) may impair atrial function. This study investigated if atrial mechanical dysfunction was present in patients with CAD by tissue Doppler echocardiography (TDI). METHODS: Echocardiography with TDI was performed in 118 patients with CAD, and compared with 100 normal controls with comparable age and heart rate. Regional atrial function was assessed at the left (LA) and right (RA) atrial free wall and inter-atrial septum (IAS). The peak regional atrial contraction velocity of (V(A)) and the timing of mechanical events were compared. RESULTS: The V(A) in the LA (5.0+/-2.6 Vs 7.7+/-2.6 cm/s), IAS (4.8+/-1.7 Vs 5.7+/-1.5 cm/s) and RA (6.8+/-3.1 Vs 9.2+/-2.9 cm/s) were significantly decreased in patients with CAD when compared with controls (all p<0.001). Patients with impaired systolic function (ejection fraction<or=50%) had significantly lower V(A) in the LA and IAS than those with ejection fraction>50% (both p<0.001); and were lower in those with restrictive filling pattern (RFP) than non-RFP of diastolic dysfunction (both p<0.05). The V(A) in all the subgroups was lower than controls. In contrast, transmitral atrial velocity was unable to reveal any abnormality except in the subgroup with a RFP. The LA dimension, area and volume were increased in the disease groups, but were largely unchanged in the RA despite abnormal V(A). The physiological inter-atrial delay for the onset and peak atrial contraction between the RA and LA were unaffected by CAD. CONCLUSIONS: The atrial contractile function in both atria was impaired in the presence of CAD, especially in the LA. This was detected even in patients with preserved systolic function or mild diastolic dysfunction such as non-RFP. Direct assessment of atrial velocity by TDI may better reflect atrial mechanical function than transmitral atrial velocity.
Cheuk-Man Yu; Jeffrey Wing-Hon Fung; Qing Zhang; Leo C C Kum; Hong Lin; Gabriel Wai-Kwok Yip; Maggie Wang; John E Sanderson
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of cardiology     Volume:  105     ISSN:  0167-5273     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2005 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-10-24     Completed Date:  2006-01-24     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8200291     Medline TA:  Int J Cardiol     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  178-85     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
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MeSH Terms
Atrial Function, Right / physiology*
Blood Flow Velocity / physiology
Coronary Disease / physiopathology*,  ultrasonography
Disease Progression
Echocardiography, Doppler*
Follow-Up Studies
Heart Atria / physiopathology,  ultrasonography*
Middle Aged
Mitral Valve / physiopathology,  ultrasonography
Myocardial Contraction / physiology
Severity of Illness Index

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