Document Detail

Timing of caesarean section according to urgency.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23116716     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Fetal distress is an emergency condition requiring rapid caesarean delivery. Hence, it has been recommended that the decision-to-delivery interval should be within 30 mins. Many previous studies have failed to show any improved outcome with short decision-to-delivery interval. The reasons are (1) most of these studies were of small scale and retrospective with limitation in design; (2) the indications for caesarean deliveries recruited in these studies were not specific for life-threatening fetal distress; (3) selection bias as clinicians tended to deliver worse cases more quickly than less severe cases; (4) correlation was analysed between adverse fetal outcome and decision to delivery interval, but ignored the bradycardia-to-delivery interval, which reflected the actual duration of fetal hypoxia. Latest studies indeed have shown that bradycardia-to-delivery interval correlated significantly with arterial pH and base excess in life-threatening fetal conditions. The longer the bradycardia-to-delivery, the poorer the arterial blood gases parameters and neonatal outcomes. This result supports that every obstetric unit should have the capability to accomplish emergency caesarean section in 30 mins of decision for fetal safety. The Royal College of Obstetrics and Gynaecology has standardised the classification of the urgency of caesarean delivery, which helps to identify those life-threatening fetal conditions that will be benefited from rapid delivery. Training in teamwork and communication, availability of anaesthetists, and operation theatre are the main factors to achieve a quick caesarean delivery.
Tak Yeung Leung; Terence T Lao
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Best practice & research. Clinical obstetrics & gynaecology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-1932     ISO Abbreviation:  Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101121582     Medline TA:  Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, Hong Kong. Electronic address:
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