Document Detail

Time's arrow in nephrology: the discovery of the kidney.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16180549     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Time is a unique dimension of the universe, along with perhaps 10 dimensions of space, according to superstring theory. Our brain and its associated consciousness perceive time as a continuous unidirectional stream. Even though we appear to be able to move freely in three dimensions of space; time's arrow for us points only one way, the present eroding into the future to leave the past behind. For two millennia, time has been likened to a stream or river. In the West, for the past two centuries, time and change have been equated almost automatically with the idea of progress. However, change always brings with it loss as well as gain, and progress is far from inevitable. This remains true in the history of medicine. The history of any subject is full of blind alleys, which, although important at the time, generally become edited out in retrospect.
J Stewart Cameron
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Historical Article; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  EDTNA/ERCA journal (English ed.)     Volume:  31     ISSN:  1019-083X     ISO Abbreviation:  EDTNA ERCA J     Publication Date:    2005 Apr-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-09-26     Completed Date:  2005-11-07     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9805754     Medline TA:  EDTNA ERCA J     Country:  Belgium    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  63-71     Citation Subset:  N    
Department of Nephrology and Transplantation, GKT Medical School, King's College, London, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Anatomy / history*
History, 16th Century
History, 17th Century
History, 18th Century
History, 19th Century
History, 20th Century
History, 21st Century
History, Ancient
History, Medieval
Kidney Transplantation / history
Kidney, Artificial / history
Nephrology / history*
Renal Dialysis / history*
Time Perception
Western World / history

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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