Document Detail

Time trends in schizophrenia: changes in obstetric risk factors with industrialization.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7481578     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The frequency of schizophrenia may have increased during the early stages of industrialization and may now be declining. Early in the process of development, the illness appeared to be more common among the upper classes and later, more common in the lower classes. As with certain other diseases, the occurrence of schizophrenia may be influenced by the transition from poverty to affluence. Explanations for such a pattern of occurrence include the combined effect of (1) variation in the rate of birth complications owing to cephalopelvic disproportion secondary to changes in nutrition, and (2) increased infant survival following improvements in obstetric and neonatal care. These effects help elucidate the pattern of occurrence of schizophrenia in immigrant groups.
R Warner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Schizophrenia bulletin     Volume:  21     ISSN:  0586-7614     ISO Abbreviation:  Schizophr Bull     Publication Date:  1995  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-12-08     Completed Date:  1995-12-08     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0236760     Medline TA:  Schizophr Bull     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  483-500     Citation Subset:  IM    
Mental Health Center of Boulder County, CO 80304, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Emigration and Immigration / trends
Industry / trends*
Infant Mortality / trends
Infant, Newborn
Poverty / trends
Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects*
Risk Factors
Schizophrenia / epidemiology*,  etiology
Social Class

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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