Document Detail

Time-dependent alginate/polyvinyl alcohol hydrogels as injectable cell carriers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19454157     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Alginate hydrogels have been widely utilized as cell carriers due to their simplicity for fabricating cell-immobilized gel beads or 3-dimentional porous scaffolds, biocompatibility and non-toxicity to cells. Generally alginate hydrogels have been produced by contacting alginate solution with CaCl(2) as a cross-linking agent. However, the major disadvantages of this system are that the gelation rate is too fast and hard to control, and the prepared alginate gels cannot be injected. Injectable alginates have been prepared by using CaSO(4) or CaCO(3) as a cross-linking agent. However, the gelation rate of alginate with CaCO(3) is slow owing to the low solubility of CaCO(3) in water, while that with CaSO(4) is too fast to form uniform gels. In this study, we prepared injectable alginate/polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) blend hydrogels with controllable gelation rate by using CaSO(4) as a cross-linking agent and Na(2)HPO(4) as a cross-linking retardation agent. The gelation rate could be controlled by adjusting CaSO(4)/Na(2)HPO(4) ratio in the solution. The alginate and PVA showed good compatibility in aqueous solutions or gels. The gelation rate of alginate increased with increasing Na(2)HPO(4) and decreasing CaSO(4) concentrations, as expected. The PVA itself in the alginate/PVA blend did not affect the gelation rate. All alginate/PVA hydrogels demonstrated some extraction of PVA, but the extraction extent was not much even after 7 days immersion in water. The alginate/PVA hydrogels were examined for their in vitro cell compatibility by the culture of chondrocytes (human chondrocyte cell line) in the gels up to 28 days. The cells were grown almost linearly in the alginate/PVA hydrogels with higher PVA compositions showing better cell growth. The GAG contents from the cells in the hydrogels did not show dramatic changes with culture time, however, they also increased gradually in the alginate/PVA hydrogels with higher PVA composition. The PVA in the hydrogels seemed to play positive roles for the growth and activity of chondrocytes. The alginate/PVA hydrogels with controllable gelation rate are expected to be applicable as injectable cell carriers.
Sang Ho Cho; Sung Mook Lim; Dong Keun Han; Soon Hong Yuk; Gun Il Im; Jin Ho Lee
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biomaterials science. Polymer edition     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0920-5063     ISO Abbreviation:  J Biomater Sci Polym Ed     Publication Date:  2009  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-05-20     Completed Date:  2009-07-16     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9007393     Medline TA:  J Biomater Sci Polym Ed     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  863-76     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Advanced Materials, Hannam University, 461-6 Jeonmin Dong, Yuseong Gu, Daejeon 305-811, South Korea.
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MeSH Terms
Alginates / administration & dosage*,  chemistry*,  pharmacology
Biocompatible Materials / administration & dosage,  chemistry,  pharmacology
Cell Line
Cell Proliferation / drug effects
Glucuronic Acid / administration & dosage,  chemistry,  pharmacology
Hexuronic Acids / administration & dosage,  chemistry,  pharmacology
Hydrogels / chemistry*
Polyvinyl Alcohol / chemistry*
Time Factors
Tissue Scaffolds
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Alginates; 0/Biocompatible Materials; 0/Hexuronic Acids; 0/Hydrogels; 576-37-4/Glucuronic Acid; 9002-89-5/Polyvinyl Alcohol; 9005-32-7/alginic acid

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