Document Detail

Time course of nitric oxide, peroxynitrite, and antioxidants in the endotoxemic heart.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12072683     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To determine the time course for myocardial production of nitric oxide, peroxynitrite, and glutathione, to determine the activities of the myocardial antioxidant enzymes glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase, and glutathione reductase throughout endotoxemia and into recovery, and to correlate the levels of these variables to left ventricular contractility in endotoxemia. DESIGN: Rats were treated with lipopolysaccharide. Endotoxemic hearts were examined at baseline, 4, 16, 24, and 48 hrs after lipopolysaccharide. Saline time-control groups were treated identically. SETTING: A pulmonary research laboratory of a university teaching hospital. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Lipopolysaccharide administration resulted in decreased contractility at 16 hrs as assessed by the isolated papillary muscle technique. Contractility recovered by 24 hrs. Myocardial glutathione content initially increased, but it was decreased from baseline by 16 hrs, as was glutathione peroxidase activity. Both superoxide dismutase and glutathione reductase activities were increased early (4 hrs) and remained elevated throughout the course of the experiment. Myocardial nitric oxide content (assessed by the chemiluminescence technique) was increased by 4 hrs and was markedly elevated by 16 hrs. Nitric oxide levels remained elevated despite recovery of contractility at 24 hrs. Similarly, peroxynitrite (assessed by measurement of 3-nitrotyrosine by high-pressure liquid chromatography) was elevated at 16 hrs and remained elevated despite normalization of contractility at 24 and 48 hrs. CONCLUSIONS: Myocardial dysfunction in endotoxemia correlates mainly with decreased glutathione content and glutathione peroxidase activity rather than nitric oxide or peroxynitrite formation. These data indicate that lipopolysaccharide-induced myocardial dysfunction is not solely caused by elevated myocardial nitric oxide levels but rather caused by the sum of complex interactions between various oxygen- and nitrogen-derived radicals.
Mobeen Iqbal; Rubin I Cohen; Kamel Marzouk; Shu Fang Liu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Critical care medicine     Volume:  30     ISSN:  0090-3493     ISO Abbreviation:  Crit. Care Med.     Publication Date:  2002 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-06-19     Completed Date:  2002-07-10     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0355501     Medline TA:  Crit Care Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1291-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Long Island Jewish Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New Hyde Park, NY 11040, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Antioxidants / metabolism*
Endotoxemia / metabolism*
Myocardial Contraction
Nitric Oxide / metabolism*
Oxidative Stress
Peroxynitrous Acid / metabolism*
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antioxidants; 0/Lipopolysaccharides; 10102-43-9/Nitric Oxide; 14691-52-2/Peroxynitrous Acid

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