Document Detail


Time course and nature of stimulus evaluation in category induction as revealed by visual event-related potentials.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15041135     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Category induction involves abstraction of features common to two or more stimuli. We predicted that category induction affects processing of each stimulus, before completion of perceptual analysis. Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded from ten 11-13-year olds while they were performing visual category-induction tasks. Subjects viewed a series of two geometric shapes belonging to the same perceptual category (size, color, or shape), defined by one or two shared features, and decided if a probe stimulus shared membership in that category. Large frontal N120, frontal-central N300 and smallest P450 were elicited by the first stimulus; number of shared features affected P150, N170, and P450 amplitudes to the second stimulus. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) indicated networks of frontal, parietal and occipital activity, different to each stimulus. Results suggest that in young adolescents category induction affects early stages of stimulus processing. Processing is based on selective analysis of stimuli for shared features, not exhaustive examination of all features of all stimuli.
Authors:
Zehavah Bigman; Hillel Pratt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biological psychology     Volume:  66     ISSN:  0301-0511     ISO Abbreviation:  Biol Psychol     Publication Date:  2004 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-03-25     Completed Date:  2004-07-27     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375566     Medline TA:  Biol Psychol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  99-128     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Shaanan College, P.O. Box 44907, Haifa, Israel.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / diagnosis
Child
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Evoked Potentials, Visual / physiology*
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Female
Humans
Male
Parietal Lobe / physiology
Questionnaires
Reaction Time
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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