Document Detail


Time-course evaluation and treatment of skin inflammatory immune response after ultraviolet B irradiation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18710815     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Skin exposure to high doses of ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation generates a severe inflammatory skin response. In the present study we aim to investigate, using in vitro and in vivo models, the time-course of the inflammatory skin immune response after an acute exposure to UVB irradiation, as well as its modulation by a topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) treatment, naproxen. PGE2 production and TNF-alpha levels increase in a post-irradiation time-dependent manner both in vivo and in vitro. This production pattern is also reflected in the iNOS expression levels in vivo and in the IL-6 levels in vitro. Changes observed in these mediators are correlated with histological alterations and dermal infiltration after the acute UVB irradiation. Naproxen treatment notably reduces PGE2 production and iNOS expression, reflecting the COX-NOS crosstalk already reported, although it causes an important increment in TNF-alpha synthesis in the epidermis of irradiated mice. Taken together, our data indicates that the epidermis is severely damaged by UVB radiation but then it is able to fully recover, and that the immune response is modulated by the NSAID treatment, since it is able to reduce the levels of some mediators as well as it can increase others.
Authors:
Mariela L Paz; Alejandro Ferrari; Federico S Weill; Juliana Leoni; Daniel H Gonzalez Maglio
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-08-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cytokine     Volume:  44     ISSN:  1096-0023     ISO Abbreviation:  Cytokine     Publication Date:  2008 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-10-17     Completed Date:  2009-01-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9005353     Medline TA:  Cytokine     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  70-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institute of Immunology, School of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, University of Buenos Aires, Junín 956, C1113AAD Buenos Aires, Argentina.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / therapeutic use*
Cell Line
Dermatitis / drug therapy*,  etiology*,  pathology
Dinoprostone / biosynthesis
Epidermis / pathology,  radiation effects
Female
Humans
Immunity / radiation effects
Interleukin-6 / biosynthesis
Keratinocytes / radiation effects
Male
Mice
Naproxen / therapeutic use*
Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II / biosynthesis
Skin / immunology,  radiation effects*
Time Factors
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / biosynthesis
Ultraviolet Rays / adverse effects*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal; 0/Interleukin-6; 0/Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha; 22204-53-1/Naproxen; 363-24-6/Dinoprostone; EC 1.14.13.39/Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II; EC 1.14.13.39/Nos2 protein, mouse

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