Document Detail

Tick toxicity in cats caused by Ixodes species in Australia: a review of published literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17706447     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Tick toxicity in cats caused by Ixodes holocyclus and related species is a common medical condition on the east coast of Australia. Intoxication typically causes a flaccid ascending neuromuscular paralysis and clinical signs can include anxiety, dysphonia, hind limb weakness and/or ataxia, pupillary dilation, respiratory signs and possible bladder voiding dysfunction. Diagnosis is made with a combination of appropriate clinical signs and visualisation of tick(s) on a thorough body search. Cases are classified clinically using a scoring system, which grades neuromuscular weakness and respiratory compromise. The mainstays of treatment are tick removal, administration of tick antitoxin serum and intensive supportive care. Given a prompt and appropriate management regimen, prognosis is good, according to available literature. Most of the literature concerning tick toxicity in cats is anecdotal in nature and an evidence-based review of what is known of this condition has not previously been published.
Daniel N Schull; Annette L Litster; Richard B Atwell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review     Date:  2007-08-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of feline medicine and surgery     Volume:  9     ISSN:  1098-612X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Feline Med. Surg.     Publication Date:  2007 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-11-16     Completed Date:  2008-01-17     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100897329     Medline TA:  J Feline Med Surg     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  487-93     Citation Subset:  IM    
School of Veterinary Science, University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Queensland 4072, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Australia / epidemiology
Cat Diseases / epidemiology*,  etiology,  parasitology
Ixodes / classification*
Tick Toxicoses / epidemiology,  veterinary*

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