Document Detail


Thyroid hemiagenesis: a case series and review of the literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21925764     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to present a case series and review recommendations within the literature concerning thyroid hemiagenesis.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a (1) retrospective case series review of 5 patients and (2) literature review (using Medline) on thyroid hemiagenesis.
RESULTS: Most reported cases are female with the left thyroid lobe absent. Compensatory hypertrophy occurs in most thyroid remnants. Associated diagnoses in the remaining lobe include hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, simple and multinodular goiter, and carcinoma. There is no increased risk for the subsequent development of cancer in the remaining lobe, and empiric thyroidectomy is not justified.
CONCLUSIONS: Thyroid hemiagenesis is an uncommon presentation that is frequently asymptomatic and detected incidentally when imaging for another condition. Awareness of its existence can help prevent unnecessary interventions associated with incorrect assumptions in patient care.
Authors:
Yi-Hsuan Emmy Wu; Richard O Wein; Barbara Carter
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article     Date:  2011-09-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of otolaryngology     Volume:  33     ISSN:  1532-818X     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Otolaryngol     Publication Date:    2012 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-05-01     Completed Date:  2012-09-25     Revised Date:  2013-05-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8000029     Medline TA:  Am J Otolaryngol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  299-302     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA 02111, USA. YWu@tuftsmedicalcenter.org
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Diagnosis, Differential
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Retrospective Studies
Thyroid Diseases / congenital*,  radiography
Thyroid Gland / abnormalities*,  radiography
Tomography, X-Ray Computed

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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