Document Detail


Thrombolytic effects of a combined therapy with targeted microbubbles and ultrasound in a 6 h cerebral thrombosis rabbit model.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22016106     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Our previous study has shown that P1 polypeptide-loaded microbubbles (clot-targeted microbubbles, TMB) are effective for thrombolysis and recanalization in a 0.5 h cerebral thrombosis rabbit model when combined with low-frequency ultrasound (LFUS, 0.8 MHz). However, the thrombolytic effects of TMB combined with LFUS are still unclear in a 6 h cerebral thrombosis rabbit model, which closely resembles human embolic stroke. Aiming to extend the 3 h therapeutic window limitation of thrombolytic drugs, a 6 h cerebral thrombosis model of common carotid artery (CCA) occlusion was induced in rabbits, and thrombolysis using TMB by intra-arterial (IA) and intravenous (IV) application combined with LFUS was then compared to untargeted microbubbles (UTMB) and recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA). The patency score and thrombolysis in brain ischemia (TIBI) in IA TMB combined with LFUS (IA TMB/LFUS) were significantly higher compared to the IA normal saline control with LFUS (IA SC/LFUS) (both P < 0.05) and IA UTMB plus LFUS (IA UTMB/LFUS) (both P < 0.05), respectively. The recanalization rate in the IA TMB/LFUS group (66.67%) was significantly higher compared to the IA SC/LFUS group (12.50%, P < 0.05). The patency score, TIBI and recanalization rate of IA TMB/LFUS were higher than in the IV TMB/LFUS group, but there was no significant difference between the two groups, which was similar to the infarction ratio. TMB/LFUS is an effective and safe therapy for thrombolysis in a 6 h cerebral thrombosis rabbit model, and the IA TMB/LFUS group was slightly better than the IV TMB/LFUS group.
Authors:
Shu-Ting Ren; Li-Hui Long; Mei Wang; Yi-Ping Li; Hao Qin; Hui Zhang; Bo-Bin Jing; Ying-Xue Li; Wei-Jin Zang; Bing Wang; Xin-Liang Shen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of thrombosis and thrombolysis     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-742X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9502018     Medline TA:  J Thromb Thrombolysis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, 710061, China.
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