Document Detail


Three-year weight change in successful weight losers who lost weight on a low-carbohydrate diet.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17925473     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate long-term weight loss and eating and exercise behaviors of successful weight losers who lost weight using a low-carbohydrate diet. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: This study examined 3-year changes in weight, diet, and physical activity in 891 subjects (96 low-carbohydrate dieters and 795 others) who enrolled in the National Weight Control Registry between 1998 and 2001 and reported >or=30-lb weight loss and >or=1 year weight loss maintenance. RESULTS: Only 10.8% of participants reported losing weight after a low-carbohydrate diet. At entry into the study, low-carbohydrate diet users reported consuming more kcal/d (mean +/- SD, 1,895 +/- 452 vs. 1,398 +/- 574); fewer calories in weekly physical activity (1,595 +/- 2,499 vs. 2,542 +/- 2,301); more calories from fat (64.0 +/- 7.9% vs. 30.9 +/- 13.1%), saturated fat (23.8 +/- 4.1 vs. 10.5 +/- 5.2), monounsaturated fat (24.4 +/- 3.7 vs. 11.0 +/- 5.1), and polyunsaturated fat (8.6 +/- 2.7 vs. 5.5 +/- 2.9); and less dietary restraint (10.8 +/- 2.9 vs. 14.9 +/- 3.9) compared with other Registry members. These differences persisted over time. No differences in 3-year weight regain were observed between low-carbohydrate dieters and other Registry members in intent-to-treat analyses (7.0 +/- 7.1 vs. 5.7 +/- 8.7 kg). DISCUSSION: It is possible to achieve and maintain long-term weight loss using a low-carbohydrate diet. The long-term health effects of weight loss associated with a high-fat diet and low activity level merits further investigation.
Authors:
Suzanne Phelan; Holly Wyatt; Shirine Nassery; Julia Dibello; Joseph L Fava; James O Hill; Rena R Wing
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1930-7381     ISO Abbreviation:  Obesity (Silver Spring)     Publication Date:  2007 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-10-10     Completed Date:  2008-01-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101264860     Medline TA:  Obesity (Silver Spring)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2470-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine, Brown Medical School, 196 Richmond Street, Providence, RI 02903, USA. sphelan@lifespan.org
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Body Weight
Diet, Carbohydrate-Restricted*
Exercise*
Feeding Behavior / psychology*
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Weight Gain
Weight Loss*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DK066787/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; DK42549/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; DK42850/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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