Document Detail

Three instructive cases of tiger snake (Notechis scutatus) envenomation--and how a radioimmunoassay proved the diagnosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  904526     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Three unusual cases are described, in which, in separate incidents, young snake bite victims were found comatose. Tiger snake vemon was detected by radioimmunoassay in the urine and serum, and in one case on the clothing of these children. Gross myoglobinuria was present in all cases. The three cases demonstrate clearly the myolytic potential of tiger snake venom if specific treatment (administration of antivenom) is delayed. Extreme elevation of serum enzyme levels was found in the two victims who survived. Evidence was obtained that the major neurotoxin of tiger snake venom is absorbed at least partly via the lymphatics and that some is excreted in the urine.
S K Sutherland; A R Coulter
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Medical journal of Australia     Volume:  2     ISSN:  0025-729X     ISO Abbreviation:  Med. J. Aust.     Publication Date:  1977 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1977-11-25     Completed Date:  1977-11-25     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0400714     Medline TA:  Med J Aust     Country:  AUSTRALIA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  177-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Aspartate Aminotransferases / blood
Kidney Failure, Acute / etiology
L-Lactate Dehydrogenase / blood
Myoglobinuria / etiology
Snake Bites / complications,  diagnosis*,  enzymology
Snake Venoms / analysis*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Snake Venoms; EC Dehydrogenase; EC Aminotransferases

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