Document Detail

Three- and four-dimensional ultrasonography for the structural and functional evaluation of the fetal face.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17014807     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Ultrasonographic examination of the fetal face can provide information that may lead to the diagnosis of anomalies in other organs or systems. Thus, the fetal face represents a "diagnostic window" for fetal diseases and syndromes. Three-dimensional ultrasonography (3DUS) improves the evaluation of anatomic fetal facial anomalies over what is possible by 2-dimensional ultrasonography (2DUS). Four-dimensional ultrasonography (4DUS), by adding the temporal component to the examination, allows visualization of facial expressions that might be useful in the study of fetal behavior and maternal-fetal bonding. In this article, we evaluate the potential of 3D/4DUS for the study of structural and functional development of the fetal face.
Asim Kurjak; Guillermo Azumendi; Wiku Andonotopo; Aida Salihagic-Kadic
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review     Date:  2006-10-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  196     ISSN:  1097-6868     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.     Publication Date:  2007 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-01-22     Completed Date:  2007-03-08     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370476     Medline TA:  Am J Obstet Gynecol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  16-28     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical School University of Zagreb, Sveti Duh Hospital, Zagreb, Croatia.
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MeSH Terms
Face / abnormalities,  embryology*,  ultrasonography*
Facial Expression
Imaging, Three-Dimensional*
Ultrasonography, Prenatal* / methods

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