Document Detail

Three-dimensional hand movements during the execution of ball juggling: Effect of expertise in street performers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22763234     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
To determine expertise-related differences in performance and movement variability during the execution of closed skill codified tasks, we quantitatively assessed the 3D hand movements of two groups of jugglers with different levels of expertise: six advanced (who could juggle up to 7 balls) and six intermediate jugglers (who could juggle at most with 5 balls). All participants performed three trials for each 3-, 4- and 5-ball juggling schemes. The coordinates of the middle fingers were recorded by an optoelectronic motion analyzer (sampling rate 120Hz), and were analyzed and compared between groups, number of juggled balls and the spatial decomposition of hand trajectories. The higher the level of expertise, the more stable the hand movements, as the number of juggled balls increased. Advanced jugglers also exhibited lower execution frequencies than intermediate jugglers in each scheme. When the level of difficulty rises, a slower play may be one of the factors accounting for the capability of the advanced jugglers to limit movement variability at the end-effector, and juggle a higher number of balls.
Andrea Mapelli; Domenico Galante; Simone Paganoni; Laura Fusini; Gianluca Forlani; Chiarella Sforza
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of electromyography and kinesiology : official journal of the International Society of Electrophysiological Kinesiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-5711     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9109125     Medline TA:  J Electromyogr Kinesiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Functional Anatomy Research Center (FARC), Laboratorio di Anatomia Funzionale dell'Apparato Locomotore, Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche per la Salute, Facoltà di Medicina e Chirurgia, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy.
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