Document Detail


Three-dimensional dynamic assessment of tricuspid and mitral annuli using cardiovascular magnetic resonance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23341146     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS: To explore the potentiality of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in the quantitative evaluation of mitral valve annulus (MVA) and tricuspid valve annulus (TVA) morphology and dynamics. METHODS AND RESULTS: CMR was performed in 13 normal subjects and 9 patients with mitral (n = 7) or tricuspid regurgitation (n = 2), acquiring cine-images in 18 radial long-axis planes passing through the middle of MVA or TVA. A novel algorithm was used to obtain dynamic three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of MVA and TVA. Analysis was feasible in all cases, allowing accurate 3D annular reconstruction and tracking. The 3D area increased from systole [MVA, median = 10.0 cm(2) (first quartile = 8.6, third quartile = 11.4); TVA, 11.2 cm(2) (8.8-13.2)] to diastole [MVA, 10.6 cm(2) (9.4, 11.7); TVA, 11.9 cm(2) (9.2-13.5)], with TVA larger than MVA. While the longest diameter showed similar systolic and diastolic values, the shortest diameter elongated from systole [MVA, 30 mm (29-33); TVA, 33 mm (31-36)] to diastole [MVA, 31 mm (29-32); TVA, 36 mm (33-39)]. Also, TVA became more circular than MVA. TVA showed lower peak systolic excursion in the septal [15.9 mm (13.0-18.5)] and anterior regions [17.9 mm (12.2-20.7)] compared with the posterior [21.9 mm (18.6-24.0)] segment. Values in MVA were smaller than in TVA, slightly higher in anterior [11.2 mm (9.5-13.0)] than in posterior [12.4 mm (10.2-14.6)] segments. Valvular regurgitation was associated with enlarged, flattened, and more circular annuli. CONCLUSION: The applied method was feasible and accurate in normal and regurgitant valves, and may potentially have an impact on diagnosis, improvement of surgical techniques and design of annular prostheses.
Authors:
Francesco Maffessanti; Paola Gripari; Gianluca Pontone; Daniele Andreini; Erika Bertella; Saima Mushtaq; Gloria Tamborini; Laura Fusini; Mauro Pepi; Enrico G Caiani
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  European heart journal cardiovascular Imaging     Volume:  -     ISSN:  2047-2412     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101573788     Medline TA:  Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Centro Cardiologico Monzino IRCCS, Via Parea 4, Milan 20138, Italy.
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