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Three Meta-Analyses Define a Set of Commonly Overexpressed Genes from Microarray Datasets on Astrocytomas.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23135747     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Glioma is one of the most common tumors of the central nervous system, and one of its main types is astrocytoma. Microarray technology has been widely used to explore the molecular mechanism of cancer. It is universally accepted that meta-analysis considerably improves the statistical robustness of results, particularly in clinical research. To obtain the maximum reliability, we used three different meta-analyses to integrate the four microarray datasets, GSE16011, GSE4290, GSE2223, and GSE19728 (local), and defined the common differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in astrocytomas compared with normal brain tissue. Four DEGs, PCNA, CDC2, CDK2 and CCNB2, which are components of the cell cycle pathway, were chosen for Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry validation. PCNA is similar to the P53 gene and has been widely implicated in various cancers including gliomas. Therefore, the expression status of PCNA in our study was considered as a reference to test our whole experimental scheme, and the results indicate that our methodology is valid. Although a few studies have reported the overexpression of the CDC2, CDK2 and CCNB2 genes in glioma cell lines, we are the first to identify the statuses of these genes in human astrocytoma tissues at the mRNA and protein levels. The results of the gene validations strongly suggested that the genes play an important role in astrocytomas and could potentially be valuable in the diagnosis and treatment of astrocytoma.
Authors:
Zhongyu Liu; Mengyu Xie; Zhiqiang Yao; Yulong Niu; Youquan Bu; Chunfang Gao
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular neurobiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1559-1182     ISO Abbreviation:  Mol. Neurobiol.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8900963     Medline TA:  Mol Neurobiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
The Anal-Colorectal Surgery Institute, 150th Central Hospital of PLA, Luoyang, Henan, China, 471031, zhongyujohn@gmail.com.
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