Document Detail

Three-dimensional kinematic gait analysis of Doberman Pinschers with and without cervical spondylomyelopathy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23194100     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The optimal treatment of cervical spondylomyelopathy (CSM) is controversial, with the owner's and clinician's perception of gait improvement often being used as outcome measures. These methods are subjective and suffer from observer bias.
OBJECTIVES: To establish kinematic gait parameters utilizing digital motion capture in normal Doberman Pinschers and compare them with CSM-affected Dobermans.
ANIMALS: Nineteen Doberman Pinschers; 10 clinically normal and 9 with CSM.
METHODS: All dogs were enrolled prospectively and fitted with a Lycra(®) body suit, and motion capture was performed and used to reconstruct a 3-D stick diagram representation of each dog based on 32 reflective markers, from which several parameters were measured. These included stride duration, length, and height; maximal and minimal spinal angles; elbow and stifle flexion and extension; and maximum and minimum distances between the thoracic and pelvic limbs. A random-effects linear regression model was used to compare parameters between groups.
RESULTS: Significant differences between groups included smaller minimum (mean = 116 mm; P = .024) and maximum (mean = 184 mm; P = .001) distance between the thoracic limbs in CSM-affected dogs. Additionally, thoracic limb stride duration was also smaller (P = .009) in CSM-affected dogs (mean = 0.7 seconds) when compared with normal dogs (mean = 0.8 seconds). In the pelvic limbs, the average stifle flexion (mean = 100°; P = .048) and extension (mean = 136°; P = .009), as well as number of strides (mean = 2.7 strides; P = .033) were different between groups.
CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: Our findings suggest that computerized gait analysis reveals more consistent kinematic differences in the thoracic limbs, which can be used as future objective outcome measures.
K Foss; R C da Costa; S Moore
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-11-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of veterinary internal medicine / American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1939-1676     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Vet. Intern. Med.     Publication Date:    2013 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-14     Completed Date:  2013-06-20     Revised Date:  2014-09-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8708660     Medline TA:  J Vet Intern Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  112-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 by the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine.
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MeSH Terms
Biomechanical Phenomena
Case-Control Studies
Cervical Vertebrae / pathology*
Dog Diseases / pathology*
Intervertebral Disc / pathology*
Spinal Cord Compression / pathology,  veterinary*
Video Recording
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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