Document Detail

Three-dimensional evaluation of the anatomic variations of the femoral vein and popliteal vein in relation to the accompanying artery by using CT venography.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21603292     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: We wanted to describe the three-dimensional (3D) anatomic variations of the femoral vein (FV) and popliteal vein (PV) in relation to the accompanying artery using CT venography.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 445 bilateral (890 limbs) lower limb CT venograms. After the 3D relationship between the FV and PV and accompanying artery was analyzed, the presence or absence of variation was determined and the observed variations were classified. In each patient, the extent and location of the variations and the location of the adductor hiatus were recorded to investigate the regional frequency of the variations.
RESULTS: THERE WERE FOUR DISTINCT CATEGORIES OF VARIATIONS: agenesis (3 limbs, 0.3%), multiplication (isolated in the FV: 190 limbs, 21%; isolated in the PV: 14 limbs, 2%; and in both the FV and PV: 51 limbs, 6%), anatomical course variation (75 limbs, 8%) and high union of the tibial veins (737 limbs, 83%). The course variations included medial malposition (60 limbs, 7%), anterior rotation (11 limbs, 1%) and posterior rotation (4 limbs, 0.4%). Mapping the individual variations revealed regional differences in the pattern and frequency of the variations.
CONCLUSION: CT venography helps to confirm a high incidence of variations in the lower limb venous anatomy and it also revealed various positional venous anomalies in relation to the respective artery.
Eun-Ah Park; Jin Wook Chung; Whal Lee; Yong Hu Yin; Jongwon Ha; Sang Joon Kim; Jae Hyung Park
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2011-04-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Korean journal of radiology : official journal of the Korean Radiological Society     Volume:  12     ISSN:  2005-8330     ISO Abbreviation:  Korean J Radiol     Publication Date:    2011 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-05-23     Completed Date:  2011-09-27     Revised Date:  2013-06-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100956096     Medline TA:  Korean J Radiol     Country:  Korea (South)    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  327-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Radiology and the Institute of Radiation Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Clinical Research Institute, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul 110-744, Korea.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Contrast Media / diagnostic use
Femoral Vein / anatomy & histology,  radiography*
Imaging, Three-Dimensional*
Iohexol / analogs & derivatives,  diagnostic use
Leg / blood supply*
Middle Aged
Phlebography / methods*
Popliteal Vein / anatomy & histology,  radiography*
Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted
Retrospective Studies
Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Contrast Media; 66108-95-0/Iohexol; 73334-07-3/iopromide

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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