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Thoracic manifestations of collagen vascular diseases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22236892     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Collagen vascular diseases are a diverse group of immunologically mediated systemic disorders that often lead to thoracic changes. The collagen vascular diseases that most commonly involve the lung are rheumatoid arthritis, progressive systemic sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, polymyositis and dermatomyositis, mixed connective tissue disease, and Sjögren syndrome. Interstitial lung disease and pulmonary arterial hypertension are the main causes of mortality and morbidity among patients with collagen vascular diseases. Given the broad spectrum of possible thoracic manifestations and the varying frequency with which different interstitial lung diseases occur, the interpretation of thoracic images obtained in patients with collagen vascular diseases can be challenging. The task may be more difficult in the presence of treatment-related complications such as drug toxicity and infections, which are common in this group of patients. Although chest radiography is most often used for screening and monitoring of thoracic alterations, high-resolution computed tomography can provide additional information about lung involvement in collagen vascular diseases and may be especially helpful for differentiating specific disease patterns in the lung. General knowledge about the manifestations of thoracic involvement in collagen vascular diseases allows radiologists to provide better guidance for treatment and follow-up of these patients.© RSNA, 2012.
Authors:
Julia Capobianco; Alexandre Grimberg; Bruna M Thompson; Viviane B Antunes; Dany Jasinowodolinski; Gustavo S P Meirelles
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Radiographics : a review publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc     Volume:  32     ISSN:  1527-1323     ISO Abbreviation:  Radiographics     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8302501     Medline TA:  Radiographics     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  33-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Federal University of São Paulo, Rua Napoleão de Barros 800, Vila Clementino 04024-002, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
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