Document Detail

Thoracic duct lymph flow and its measurement in chronically catheterized sheep fetus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2912178     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A method was developed for chronic catheterization of the left thoracic lymph duct at the base of the neck in the sheep fetus, which did not disrupt the other major lymphatic vessels that join the venous circulation at the same location. The lymphatic catheter was connected to a catheter in a jugular vein when lymph flow was not being recorded, so that the lymph continuously returned to the fetal circulation. Special consideration of catheter size to minimize flow resistance and treatment to prevent clotting were required. Individual animals were maintained up to 17 days with lymph flow continuing. In 13 fetuses averaging 128 days gestation (term = 147 days) at the time of catheterization, lymph flow rate was measured for 1 h each day for the first 7 postsurgical days with an on-line computer technique that continuously calculated lymph flow rate. Lymph flow averaged 0.64 +/- 0.17 (SD) ml/min in fetuses weighing 2.3-4 kg and tended to undergo a nonsignificant increase with time. Lymph and plasma protein concentrations did not change with time. In individual fetuses, large spontaneous variations in lymph flow rate occurred over periods of several seconds to a few minutes. Analysis showed that these variations in flow rate were not associated with fetal breathing movements. Thus the present study describes a technique for studying the dynamics of lymph flow in the unanesthetized sheep fetus in utero over a time period limited primarily by the length of gestation. In addition, it appears that thoracic duct lymph flow rate in the fetus per unit body weight averages three to four times that in the adult.
R A Brace
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of physiology     Volume:  256     ISSN:  0002-9513     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1989 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-02-23     Completed Date:  1989-02-23     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370511     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  H16-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Reproductive Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla 92093.
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MeSH Terms
Catheterization / methods*
Catheters, Indwelling
Lymphatic System / embryology*,  physiology
Reference Values
Thoracic Duct / embryology*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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