Document Detail


Thomas L. DeLorme and the Science of Progressive Resistance Exercise.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22592167     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
ABSTRACT:: In the latter years of the Second World War, the number of American servicemen who had sustained orthopedic injuries was overwhelming the nation's military hospitals. The backlog of patients was due, in part, to the sheer number of soldiers involved in the war effort, but it was exacerbated by rehabilitation protocols which required lengthy recovery times. In 1945, an army physician, Dr. Thomas L. DeLorme experimented with a new rehabilitation technique. DeLorme had utilized strength training to recover from a childhood illness and reasoned that such heavy training would prove beneficial for the injured servicemen. DeLorme's new protocol consisted of multiple sets of resistance exercises in which patients lifted their ten-repetition maximum. DeLorme refined the system by 1948 to include three progressively heavier sets of ten repetitions and he referred to the program as "Progressive Resistance Exercise." The high intensity program was markedly more successful than older protocols and was quickly adopted as the standard in both military and civilian physical therapy programs. DeLorme published the text Progressive Resistance Exercise: Technic and Medical Application in 1951, which was widely read by other physicians and medical professionals. The book, and DeLorme's academic publications on progressive resistance exercise, helped legitimize strength training and played a key role in laying the foundation for the science of resistance exercise.
Authors:
Janice S Todd; Jason P Shurley; Terry Todd
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1533-4287     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9415084     Medline TA:  J Strength Cond Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
1Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, The University of Texas at Austin, NEZ 5.700, 1 University Station D3600, Austin, TX 78712, Phone: (512) 471-0992, Fax: (512) 471-1080. jan@starkcenter.org 2Department of Kinesiology, Concordia University - Texas, 11400 Concordia University Drive, Austin, TX 78726, Phone: (512) 313-5513, Fax: (512) 313-3999. Jason.Shurley@Concordia.edu 3Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, The University of Texas at Austin, NEZ 5.700, 1 University Station D3600, Austin, TX 78712, Phone: (512) 471-0993, Fax: (512) 471-1080. terry@starkcenter.org.
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