Document Detail


Thirteen-month-olds rely on shared labels and shape similarity for inductive inferences.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15056196     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study examined the influence of shape similarity and labels on 13-month-olds' inductive inferences. In 3 experiments, 123 infants were presented with novel target objects with or without a nonvisible property, followed by test objects that varied in shape similarity. When objects were not labeled, infants generalized the nonvisible property to high-similarity objects (Experiment 1). When objects were labeled with the same noun, infants generalized the nonvisible property to high- and low-similarity objects (Experiment 2). Finally, when objects were labeled with different nouns, infants generalized the nonvisible property to high-similarity objects (Experiment 3). Thus, infants who are beginning to acquire productive language rely on shared shape similarity and shared names to guide their inductive inferences.
Authors:
Susan A Graham; Cari S Kilbreath; Andrea N Welder
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Child development     Volume:  75     ISSN:  0009-3920     ISO Abbreviation:  Child Dev     Publication Date:    2004 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-04-01     Completed Date:  2004-07-27     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372725     Medline TA:  Child Dev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  409-27     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4, Canada. susan.graham@ucalgary.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Child Language*
Child, Preschool
Female
Form Perception*
Generalization (Psychology)
Humans
Infant
Male
Psychomotor Performance
Recognition (Psychology)
Transfer (Psychology)
Visual Perception

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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