Document Detail


Third trimester abdominal circumference, estimated fetal weight and uterine artery doppler for the identification of newborns small and large for gestational age.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23122032     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To understand if ultrasound biometric evaluation at 30-32 weeks of gestation is a valuable screening tool for the detection of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and large-for-gestational-age (LGA) infants at birth in a low risk population. STUDY DESIGN: We enrolled 1848 pregnant women with singleton pregnancy undergoing routine fetal biometry. We divided the infants into four groups: moderate SGA, severe SGA, moderate LGA and severe LGA. We considered third-trimester estimated fetal weight (EFW), abdominal circumference (AC), EFW centile (EFWc), AC centile (ACc) and compared their prediction toward SGA and LGA to determine which of these parameters was the best estimator for fetal size. Then we took the strongest predictive value and added all history-related and ultrasound factors to run a stepdown multivariate logistic regression. All the variables were then dichotomized and sensitivity models only for statistically significant parameters were calculated. RESULTS: We identified the following predictive factors for each outcome: for severe SGA: EFWc with p<0.001, uterine artery pulsatility index (UtA PI) with p<0.002. For moderate SGA: EFWc with p<0.001, UtA PI with p<0.004, maternal preeclampsia p<0.002. For moderate and severe LGA: EFWc with p<0.001. CONCLUSION: We can detect in a low-risk population a group at risk of growth deviations. Adding Doppler velocimetry to 30-32 weeks EFWc improves the specificity (84%) regarding SGA newborns, maintaining a good sensitivity (71%), and reducing the population to be re-screened from 27 to 17%. An ultrasound examination at 34-36 weeks or the clinical assessment of maternal risk factors remain the best tools for LGA newborns.
Authors:
Giovanni Di Lorenzo; Lorenzo Monasta; Matteo Ceccarello; Vera Cecotti; Giuseppina D'Ottavio
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-7654     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Obstet. Gynecol. Reprod. Biol.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375672     Medline TA:  Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Medical, Surgical and Health Sciences, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy. Electronic address: giemmedielle@gmail.com.
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