Document Detail


Thiogalactopyranosides are Resistant to Hydrolysis by α-Galactosidases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22740420     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Fluorescently tagged glycosides containing terminal α(1→3) and α(1→4)-linked thiogalactopyranosides have been prepared and tested for resistance to hydrolysis by α-galactosidases. Eight fluorescent glycosides containing either galactose or 5-thiogalactose as the terminal sugar were enzymatically synthesized using galactosyltransferases, with lactosyl glycosides as acceptors and UDP-galactose or UDP-5'-thiogalactose, respectively, as donors. The glycosides were incubated with human α-galactosidase A (CAZy family GH27, a retaining glycosidase), Bacteroides fragilis α-1,3-galactosidase (GH110, an inverting glycosidase), or homogenates of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells or NG108-15 rat glioma cells. Substrate hydrolysis was monitored by capillary electrophoresis with fluorescence detection. All compounds containing terminal O-galactose were readily degraded. Their 5-thiogalactose counterparts were resistant to hydrolysis by human α-galactosidase A and the enzymes present in the cell extracts. B. fragilis α-1,3-galactosidase hydrolyzed both thio- and O-galactoside substrates; however, the thiogalactosides were hydrolyzed at only 1-3 % of the rate of O-galactosides. The hydrolytic resistance of 5-thiogalactose was also confirmed by an in vivo study using cells in culture. The results suggest that 5-thiogalactosides may be useful tools for the study of anabolic pathways in cell extracts or in single cells.
Authors:
Dietlind Adlercreutz; Yayoi Yoshimura; Karin Mannerstedt; Warren W Wakarchuk; Eric P Bennett; Norman J Dovichi; Ole Hindsgaul; Monica M Palcic
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chembiochem : a European journal of chemical biology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1439-7633     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100937360     Medline TA:  Chembiochem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Affiliation:
Carlsberg Laboratory, Gamle Carlsberg Vej 10, 1799 Copenhagen V (Denmark).
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Noninvasive follow-up of simian immunodeficiency virus infection in wild-living nonhabituated wester...
Next Document:  Adherence with bisphosphonate therapy in us veterans with rheumatoid arthritis.