Document Detail

Thickened skull, scoliosis and other skeletal findings in Unverricht-Lundborg disease link cystatin B function to bone metabolism.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23010349     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: Unverricht-Lundborg disease (EPM1) is a rare type of inherited progressive myoclonic epilepsy resulting from mutations in the cystatin B gene, CSTB, which encodes a cysteine cathepsin inhibitor. Cystatin B, cathepsin K, and altered osteoclast bone resorption activity are interconnected in vitro. This study evaluated the skeletal characteristics of patients with EPM1. METHODS: Sixty-six genetically verified EPM1 patients and 50 healthy controls underwent head MRI. Skull dimensions and regional calvarial thickness was measured perpendicular to each calvarial bone from T1-weighted 3-dimensional images using multiple planar reconstruction tools. All clinical X-ray files of EPM1 patients were collected and reviewed by an experienced radiologist. A total of 337 X-ray studies were analyzed, and non-traumatic structural anomalies, dysplasias and deformities were registered. RESULTS: EPM1 patients exhibited significant thickening in all measured cranial bones compared to healthy controls. The mean skull thickness was 10.0±2.0mm in EPM1 patients and 7.6±1.2mm in healthy controls (p<0.001). The difference was evident in all age groups and was not explained by former phenytoin use. Observed abnormalities in other skeletal structures in EPM1 patients included thoracic scoliosis (35% of EPM1 patients) and lumbar spine scoliosis (35%), large paranasal sinuses (27%), accessory ossicles of the foot, and arachnodactyly (18%). CONCLUSIONS: Skull thickening and an increased prevalence of abnormal findings in skeletal radiographs of patients with EPM1 suggest that this condition is connected to defective cystatin B function. These findings further emphasize the role of cystatin B in bone metabolism in humans.
Sanna Suoranta; Hannu Manninen; Päivi Koskenkorva; Mervi Könönen; Rita Laitinen; Anna-Elina Lehesjoki; Reetta Kälviäinen; Ritva Vanninen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bone     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-2763     ISO Abbreviation:  Bone     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8504048     Medline TA:  Bone     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Clinical Radiology, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland.
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