Document Detail


They are afraid of the animal, so therefore I am too: Influence of peer modeling on fear beliefs and approach-avoidance behaviors towards animals in typically developing children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21126729     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study investigated the effect of filmed peer modeling on fear beliefs and approach-avoidance behaviors towards animals in 8- to 10-year-old typically developing children. Ninety-seven children randomly received either a positive or negative modeling film in which they saw peers interact with a novel animal. Before and after this film, children's fear beliefs and avoidance tendencies towards the modeled and non-modeled control animal were measured. A behavioral approach task was also administered post-modeling. Following positive peer modeling, children's fear beliefs and avoidance tendencies towards the modeled but also towards the non-modeled animal decreased significantly. After negative modeling, children's fear beliefs towards the modeled animal increased significantly, but did not change for the non-modeled animal. Negative modeling did not change avoidance tendencies for the modeled animal, while it decreased children's avoidance of the non-modeled animal. No significant effects were observed on the behavioral approach task. These results support Rachman's indirect pathway of modeling/vicarious learning as a plausible mechanism by which children can acquire fears of novel stimuli and stresses the important fear-reducing effects of positive peer modeling. Clinical implications and directions for future research are discussed.
Authors:
Suzanne Broeren; Kathryn J Lester; Peter Muris; Andy P Field
Related Documents :
12539949 - Making sense of complex phenomena in biology.
6696149 - Validation of simple and complex models in physiology and medicine.
22255579 - Electroconvulsive therapy simulations using an anatomically-realistic head model.
25160339 - The influence of similarity between concepts in evolving biomedical ontologies for mapp...
22162539 - Quantitative model of the relationship between dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (dpp-4) inhibitio...
20728529 - Mathematical modeling of aerobic granular sludge: a review.
15979659 - Predicting the risk of developmental toxicity from in vitro assays.
2061119 - Treatment planning for ferromagnetic seed heating.
23723259 - The abrupt climate change at the eocene-oligocene boundary and the emergence of south-e...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-11-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Behaviour research and therapy     Volume:  49     ISSN:  1873-622X     ISO Abbreviation:  Behav Res Ther     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372477     Medline TA:  Behav Res Ther     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  50-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Institute of Psychology, Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Klinefelter's syndrome and bone mineral density: Is osteoporosis a constant feature?
Next Document:  Serotonin transporter polymorphism moderates effects of prenatal maternal anxiety on infant negative...