Document Detail

MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20541305     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Little research in low-income countries has compared the social and cultural ramifications of loss in childbearing, yet the social experience of pregnancy loss and early neonatal death may affect demographers' ability to measure their incidence. Ninety-five qualitative reproductive narratives were collected from 50 women in rural southern Tanzania who had recently suffered infertility, miscarriage, stillbirth or early neonatal death. An additional 31 interviews with new mothers and female elders were used to assess childbearing norms and social consequences of loss in childbearing. We found that like pregnancy, stillbirth and early neonatal death are hidden because they heighten women's vulnerability to social and physical harm, and women's discourse and behaviors are under strong social control. To protect themselves from sorcery, spiritual interference, and gossip--as well as stigma should a spontaneous loss be viewed as an induced abortion--women conceal pregnancies and are advised not to mourn or grieve for "immature" (late-term) losses. Twelve of 30 respondents with pregnancy losses had been accused of inducing an abortion; 3 of these had been subsequently divorced. Incommensurability between Western biomedical and local categories of reproductive loss also complicates measurement of losses. Similar gender inequalities and understandings of pregnancy and reproductive loss in other low-resource settings likely result in underreporting of these losses elsewhere. Cultural, terminological, and methodological factors that contribute to inaccurate measurement of stillbirth and early neonatal death must be considered in designing surveys and other research methods to measure pregnancy, stillbirth, and other sensitive reproductive events.
Rachel A Haws; Irene Mashasi; Mwifadhi Mrisho; Joanna Armstrong Schellenberg; Gary L Darmstadt; Peter J Winch
Related Documents :
3716965 - Cerebrovascular disorders associated with pregnancy.
17877595 - Maternal risk factors associated with fetal death during antenatal care in low-resource...
12319485 - The influence of socio-biological factors on perinatal mortality in a rural area of ban...
11075735 - Irreversible maternal brain injury during pregnancy: a case report and review of the li...
3961735 - Management of anti-thrombin iii deficiency during pregnancy without administration of a...
1422235 - The fetus in maternal hyperthyroidism.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-05-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Social science & medicine (1982)     Volume:  71     ISSN:  1873-5347     ISO Abbreviation:  Soc Sci Med     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-01     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8303205     Medline TA:  Soc Sci Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1764-72     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, United States.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Rural male suicide in Australia.
Next Document:  Child obesity associated with social disadvantage of children's neighborhoods.