Document Detail


Thermoregulatory responses to constant versus variable-intensity exercise in the heat.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18845968     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: To compare the thermoregulatory responses between constant (CON) and variable-intensity exercise (VAR) in a dry-hot environment (36 degrees C, 29% relative humidity, and 2.5 m x s(-1) airflow). METHODS: In a random order, seven endurance-trained, heat-acclimated subjects cycled either at 60% VO2max (CON) or alternating 1.5 min at 90% VO2max with 4.5 min at 50% VO2max (VAR). Total work output (915 +/- 100 kJ) and exercise duration (90 min) were identical in both trials. RESULTS: Net metabolic heat production was not different between trials (394 +/- 12 vs 408+/- 11 W x m(-2) for VAR vs CON). However, heat storage (60 +/- 3 vs 48 +/- 4 W x m(-2)), the increase in rectal temperature (1.6 +/- 0.1 vs 1.3 +/- 0.1 degrees C), and final heart rate (HR; 147 +/- 5 vs 141 +/- 4 beats x min(-1)) were all higher for VAR than for CON (P < 0.05). During VAR, averaged forearm skin blood flow (S(K)BF) was lower, whereas whole-body sweat rate (1.23 +/- 0.1 vs 1.11 +/- 0.1 L x h(-1)) and dehydration (2.8 +/- 0.1% vs 2.5 +/- 0.2%) were higher than during CON (P < 0.05). Final blood lactate during VAR was higher than during CON (3.5+/- 0.4 vs 2.1 +/- 0.3 mmol x L(-1); P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Ninety minutes of variable-intensity exercise in a hot environment increases heat storage and fluid deficit in comparison to the same amount of work performed in a constant-load mode. VAR increases not only thermal (i.e., heat storage) but also cardiovascular (i.e., heart rate) and metabolic (i.e., blood lactate) stresses, which makes it less advisable than CON when the goal is to minimize physiological stress.
Authors:
Ricardo Mora-Rodriguez; Juan Del Coso; Emma Estevez
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  40     ISSN:  1530-0315     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  2008 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-05-12     Completed Date:  2009-07-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1945-52     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
University of Castilla-La Mancha, Exercise Physiology Laboratory at Toledo, Spain. Ricardo.Mora@uclm.es
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Bicycling / physiology
Body Temperature Regulation / physiology*
Dehydration
Exercise / physiology*
Hot Temperature*
Humans
Male
Monitoring, Physiologic
Physical Exertion / physiology*
Skin / blood supply
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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