Document Detail


Thermophilic anaerobic digestion of source-sorted organic fraction of household municipal solid waste: start-up procedure for continuously stirred tank reactor.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16839585     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Two feeding strategies for start-up of continuously stirred tank reactors (CSTR) treating source-sorted organic fraction of household municipal solid waste (SS-OFMSW) at 55 degrees C were evaluated. Two reactors were started up separately with a limited amount of initial inoculum (i.e. 10% of the final volume of 3.5l) and operated in a fed batch mode until the reactors were filled (30 days). A reference reactor was filled up with 3.5l of inoculum and fed at a constant rate (11.4 g volatile solids (VS)/d). Loading at progressively increasing rate (from 1.7 to 15 gVS/d), as calculated based on an activated biomass concept, showed superior process performance compared to a fixed feed rate (5.7 gVS/d). Methane yield of 0.32 m(3)/kg VS was produced during the start-up in reactor filled at progressively increasing rate and was comparable to the reference reactor. On the contrary, significant inhibition due to volatile fatty acid (VFA) build-up, mainly due to butyrate, was noticed in the reactor filled at constant rate. Thus, low initial and progressive increasing inoculum loading rate could be used as a strategy for a successful start-up of CSTR treating SS-OFMSW as it allowed a gradual acclimation of the biomass. Lab-scale results were further reaffirmed from the start-up of a full-scale plant (7000 m(3) total capacity) which was supplied with inoculum corresponding to approx. 16% of final volume and operated in a fed batch mode until the reactors were filled (58 days). Stable biogas production with low VFA (<3 g/L; based on titration method) were noticed during the start-up period when fed at progressively increasing rate. Thus, a controlled and reliable start-up procedure was found essential, which could allow rapid process stabilization and time to focus on other technical aspects of plant operation. In addition, the influence of substrate to inoculum amount (1.5-30% TS) and temperature (5-65 degrees C) on anaerobic degradation and methane production of SS-OFMSW was investigated in batch assays as a protocol for start-up procedure.
Authors:
Irini Angelidaki; Xingxing Chen; Junbo Cui; Prasad Kaparaju; Lars Ellegaard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2006-07-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Water research     Volume:  40     ISSN:  0043-1354     ISO Abbreviation:  Water Res.     Publication Date:  2006 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-07-25     Completed Date:  2007-03-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0105072     Medline TA:  Water Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2621-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institute of Environment and Resources -DTU, Building 113, Technical University of Denmark, DK-2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark. ria@er.dtu.dk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Bacteria, Anaerobic / metabolism*
Bioreactors / microbiology*
Methane / biosynthesis
Organic Chemicals / metabolism*
Substrate Specificity
Temperature
Waste Management / methods*
Waste Products*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Organic Chemicals; 0/Waste Products; 74-82-8/Methane

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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