Document Detail

Thermodynamic characterization of RNA 2 × 3 nucleotide internal loops.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22720720     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To better elucidate RNA structure-function relationships and to improve the design of pharmaceutical agents that target specific RNA motifs, an understanding of RNA primary, secondary, and tertiary structure is necessary. The prediction of RNA secondary structure from sequence is an intermediate step in predicting RNA three-dimensional structure. RNA secondary structure is typically predicted using a nearest neighbor model based on free energy parameters. The current free energy parameters for 2 × 3 nucleotide loops are based on a 23-member data set of 2 × 3 loops and internal loops of other sizes. A database of representative RNA secondary structures was searched to identify 2 × 3 nucleotide loops that occur in nature. Seventeen of the most frequent 2 × 3 nucleotide loops in this database were studied by optical melting experiments. Fifteen of these loops melted in a two-state manner, and the associated experimental ΔG°(37,2×3) values are, on average, 0.6 and 0.7 kcal/mol different from the values predicted for these internal loops using the predictive models proposed by Lu, Turner, and Mathews [Lu, Z. J., Turner, D. H., and Mathews, D. H. (2006) Nucleic Acids Res. 34, 4912-4924] and Chen and Turner [Chen, G., and Turner, D. H. (2006) Biochemistry 45, 4025-4043], respectively. These new ΔG°(37,2×3) values can be used to update the current algorithms that predict secondary structure from sequence. To improve free energy calculations for duplexes containing 2 × 3 nucleotide loops that still do not have experimentally determined free energy contributions, an updated predictive model was derived. This new model resulted from a linear regression analysis of the data reported here combined with 31 previously studied 2 × 3 nucleotide internal loops. Most of the values for the parameters in this new predictive model are within experimental error of those of the previous models, suggesting that approximations and assumptions associated with the derivation of the previous nearest neighbor parameters were valid. The updated predictive model predicts free energies of 2 × 3 nucleotide internal loops within 0.4 kcal/mol, on average, of the experimental free energy values. Both the experimental values and the updated predictive model can be used to improve secondary structure prediction from sequence.
Nina Z Hausmann; Brent M Znosko
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2012-06-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biochemistry     Volume:  51     ISSN:  1520-4995     ISO Abbreviation:  Biochemistry     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-20     Completed Date:  2012-11-30     Revised Date:  2014-03-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370623     Medline TA:  Biochemistry     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  5359-68     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Nucleic Acid Conformation
Nucleotides / chemistry*
RNA / chemistry*,  metabolism*
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Nucleotides; 63231-63-0/RNA

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