Document Detail

'There just aren't enough hours in the day': the mental health consequences of time pressure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15305755     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In this paper I examine the association between subjective time pressure and depression and consider whether time pressure mediates the relationship between roles and depression, whether social and economic resources moderate the association between time pressure and depression, and whether time pressure explains gender differences in depression. Results of a telephone survey of 790 respondents indicate that time pressure is significantly associated with distress for men and women, and that subjective time pressure accounts for the significantly higher depression of employed women. Time pressure mediates the impact of housework and the volunteer role among women and it partially explains the differential depression of divorced men. Several resources moderate the impact of time pressure on depression: income among both men and women and perceived co-worker social support among men. Results suggest that the subjective experience of time pressure can be thought of as a potentially important mechanism by which lived experience is transformed into depression. However, in spite of the ubiquity of time pressure in the North American context, the depressing consequences of this subjective experience are not distributed equitably, suggesting that the capacity to manage time pressure and avoid depression may be another benefit associated with strategically advantageous social locations.
Susan Roxburgh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of health and social behavior     Volume:  45     ISSN:  0022-1465     ISO Abbreviation:  J Health Soc Behav     Publication Date:  2004 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-08-12     Completed Date:  2004-10-21     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0103130     Medline TA:  J Health Soc Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  115-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Sociology, Kent State University, Kent, Ohio 44424, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Depression / epidemiology*,  etiology
Educational Status
Employment / economics,  psychology*
Family Characteristics
Health Surveys
Middle Aged
Ohio / epidemiology
Sex Factors
Time Management / psychology*
Women, Working / psychology
Workload / psychology*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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