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Therapy with Renin-Angiotensin system blockers after pulmonary vein isolation in patients with atrial fibrillation: who is a responder?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20487340     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS: The data on anti-arrhythmic effect of renin-angiotensin-aldesteron system blockers (RASB) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) are controversially discussed. The goal of this analysis was to identify cohort of patients with AF and hypertension, who may have benefit from RASB therapy after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI).
METHODS: A total of 284 patients with AF and hypertension (paroxysmal AF [PAF]= 218, male = 185, age = 61 years, left ventricular ejection fraction = 60%, coronary artery disease = 42) considered for PVI were included. The patients with PAF were stratified according to time spent in AF (AF burden) within 3 months prior to admission (</> 500 hours). Further patients were divided into two groups: (1) low-burden AF; (2) high-burden AF (PAF and persistent AF). In 195 patients, RASB therapy was administered. A 7-day continuous Holter electrocardiogram was performed after discharge, every 3 months thereafter and by symptoms.
RESULTS: Preventive effect of RASB was revealed in whole group (112 out of 195 [57%] vs 36 out of 89 [40%]; P = 0.025) and was more pronounced in patients with low-burden AF (79 out of 112 [71%] receiving RASB vs 27 out of 55 [49%] being on other drugs; P = 0.013). However, efficiency of RASB failed in patients with high-burden AF (33 out of 83 on RASB [40%] vs nine out of 34 on other drugs [27%]; P = 0.328).
CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that RASB appears to protect against AF recurrences after PVI in patients with low-burden paroxysmal AF. These results should be tested in a prospective study.
Authors:
Alexander Berkowitsch; Thomas Neumann; Malte Kuniss; Sebastien Janin; Maciej Wojcik; Sergej Zaltsberg; Veselin Mitrovic; Heinz F Pitschner
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE     Volume:  33     ISSN:  1540-8159     ISO Abbreviation:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-05     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803944     Medline TA:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1101-11     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
©2010, The Authors. Journal compilation ©2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, Kerckhoff Heart Center, Bad Nauheim, Germany. a.berkowitsch@kerckhoff-klinik.de
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