Document Detail


Therapy for cerebral visual perception disturbances
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17342457     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Cerebral visual disorders are frequent after brain damage (20-40%). Among them, homonymous field defects and associated reading and visual exploration disorders, reduced visual acuity, contrast sensitivity and light/dark adaptation, fusional disorders, visuospatial deficits, multimodal hemineglect, and Balint-Holmes syndrome are the most common. Prototypical symptoms are the omission of obstacles and hemianopic alexia in visual field disorders, blurred vision in reduced acuity and/or contrast sensitivity or impaired fusion, blinding in impaired light adaptation and dark vision in impaired dark adaptation, and impaired action and orientation in visuospatial deficits. Neglect is characterized by omissions of stimuli on the contralesional side in space or the body. Patients with Balint-Holmes syndrome show severe spatial and attentional deficits. Systematic treatments can be categorized as restitution, compensation, and substitution approaches. Hemineglect can be ameliorated by novel, more effective treatment approaches, whereas only initial stages of treatment are available for Balint-Holmes syndrome.
Authors:
G Kerkhoff; K Oppenländer; K Finke; P Bublak
Publication Detail:
Type:  English Abstract; Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Der Nervenarzt     Volume:  78     ISSN:  0028-2804     ISO Abbreviation:  Nervenarzt     Publication Date:  2007 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-04-16     Completed Date:  2007-08-08     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0400773     Medline TA:  Nervenarzt     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  ger     Pagination:  457-69; quiz 470     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Arbeitseinheit Klinische Neuropsychologie, Universität des Saarlandes, Gebäude A.1.7., 66123 Saarbrücken. kerkhoff@mx.uni-saarland.de
Vernacular Title:
Therapie zerebraler visueller Wahrnehmungsstörungen.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Brain Diseases / complications*,  therapy*
Brain Injuries / complications*,  therapy*
Humans
Physician's Practice Patterns
Practice Guidelines as Topic
Vision Disorders / etiology*,  therapy*
Visual Perception*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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