Document Detail

Therapeutic writing and chronic pain: experiences of therapeutic writing in a cognitive behavioural programme for people with chronic pain.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23043629     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine the experiences of therapeutic writing from the perspectives of patients attending a chronic pain management programme.
BACKGROUND: Pain is a multifaceted experience. Increased awareness, understanding and gaining new insights are essential aspects of dealing with chronic pain. It is crucial to find powerful ways to cope with chronic pain. Several studies point to writing as a tool for managing such demanding life experiences. Therapeutic writing in a cognitive behavioural approach may be used to facilitate the rehabilitation process.
DESIGN: A qualitative study with a descriptive and explorative design including a phenomenological perspective was used.
METHODS: A consecutive sample of 34 outpatients with chronic pain was recruited to an eight-week group-based pain management programme. A therapeutic writing tool was developed and included as part of the homework tasks. Guidelines were used to initiate and guide the therapeutic writing activity. Written reports were collected after completion.
RESULTS: Three thematic findings emerged from the analysis: 'increased understanding of chronic pain as a multifaceted experience', 'new insights into managing the chronic pain situation' and 'different performances lead to different experiences with therapeutic writing'.
CONCLUSIONS: Increased awareness, understanding and new insights are essential to dealing with chronic pain. People with chronic pain need tools and skills for optimal adaptation. Our findings suggest therapeutic writing may strengthen cognitive behavioural therapy by facilitating cognitive restructuring processes.
RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Therapeutic writing may be used as a tool to express individual experiences and to improve adaptation to chronic pain.
Bodil Furnes; Elin Dysvik
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-10-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical nursing     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1365-2702     ISO Abbreviation:  J Clin Nurs     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-13     Completed Date:  2013-11-13     Revised Date:  2014-09-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9207302     Medline TA:  J Clin Nurs     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3372-81     Citation Subset:  N    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
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MeSH Terms
Chronic Pain / psychology*,  rehabilitation
Cognitive Therapy*
Middle Aged
Pain Management / methods*
Young Adult
Comment In:
J Clin Nurs. 2014 Sep;23(17-18):2692-3   [PMID:  24206023 ]

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