Document Detail


Therapeutic exercise in the prevention of bone loss. A controlled trial with women after menopause.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7710725     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To evaluate the efficacy of therapeutic exercises in the prevention of bone loss, 146 untrained healthy postmenopausal women were prospectively controlled for (mean +/- SD) 3.0 +/- 1.3 yr. Eighty-two subjects aged (mean +/- SD) 61.5 +/- 6.1 yr participated in an exercise program (group 1) and sixty-four aged (mean +/- SD) 59.1 +/- 7.4 yr served as controls (group 2). Periodically during the study period, we measured women's bone density at two forearm sites and recorded their physical activities. Because bone loss differed insignificantly between the groups, group 1 was retrospectively subdivided into group 1a (regular exercise) and group 1b (nonregular exercise). The results showed that only 39 women (48 percent) of group 1 (group 1a) performed the exercise program regularly for the prescribed time. Regression slopes of forearm bone density (distal and proximal scans) v time were significantly less negative (P < 0.05) in group 1a (distal, -0.3 percent and proximal, -0.7 percent per year) than in group 1b (distal, -1.8 percent and proximal -1.6 percent per year) or group 2 (distal, -1.7 percent and proximal, -1.9 percent per year). We conclude that in untrained elderly women, poor compliance with regular physical activities is a main factor, explaining the lack of response to exercise treatment in prevention of osteoporosis.
Authors:
E Preisinger; Y Alacamlioglu; K Pils; T Saradeth; B Schneider
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of physical medicine & rehabilitation / Association of Academic Physiatrists     Volume:  74     ISSN:  0894-9115     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Phys Med Rehabil     Publication Date:    1995 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-05-18     Completed Date:  1995-05-18     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8803677     Medline TA:  Am J Phys Med Rehabil     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  120-3     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
University of Vienna, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Austria.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Bone Density
Exercise Therapy / methods*
Female
Humans
Middle Aged
Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal / metabolism,  prevention & control*
Patient Compliance
Prospective Studies
Regression Analysis
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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