Document Detail

Therapeutic effects of anti-B7-H3 antibody in an ovalbumin-induced mouse asthma model.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24054363     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND: B7 molecules play a key role in regulating allergen-induced T cell activation in asthma, which may occur through T cell recruitment and T helper cell differentiation on allergen provocation. Initial studies have shown that B7-H3 (CD276), a recently identified B7 family member, plays a critical role in the development of Th2 cells.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of anti-B7-H3 monoclonal antibody (mAb) in a mouse model of allergic asthma.
METHODS: The asthma model was established by ovalbumin (OVA) sensitization and challenging in female BALB/c mice. Total cell numbers in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were determined, and the expression levels of interferon gamma (IFN-γ), interleukin (IL)-4, and IL-17 in BALF were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Pulmonary eosinophil infiltration and mucus production were detected by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and periodic acid-Schiff (PAS), respectively. B7-H3 expression was detected by immunohistochemistry in frozen tissue sections.
RESULTS: Anti-B7-H3 mAb treatment alleviated the asthmatic syndrome, decreased the levels of B7-H3-positive cells in the lung tissues, abrogated hypercellularity, eosinophil infiltration, and mucus production, and inhibited IL-4 and IL-17 production in BALF at the induction phase as compared with the immunoglobulin G (IgG) control group (P < .01). In addition, the treatment of anti-B7-H3 mAb at the induction phase could increase the expression levels of IFN-γ as compared with the IgG control group (P < .01). Anti-B7-H3 mAb treatment at the effector phase did not inhibit the asthma response.
CONCLUSION: Blockade of B7-H3 signals may provide a novel therapeutic approach to the treatment of allergic asthma.
Zheng-Rong Chen; Guang-Bo Zhang; Yu-Qing Wang; Yong-Dong Yan; Wei-Fang Zhou; Canhong Zhu; Ying Chen; Jian Wang; Wei Ji
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2013-08-06
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of allergy, asthma & immunology : official publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology     Volume:  111     ISSN:  1534-4436     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Allergy Asthma Immunol.     Publication Date:  2013 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-09-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9503580     Medline TA:  Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  276-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Respiratory Disease, Children's Hospital Affiliated to Soochow University, Suzhou, China.
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