Document Detail


MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23030818     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Adults' evaluations of children's reports can determine whether legal proceedings are undertaken and whether they ultimately lead to justice. The current study involved 92 undergraduates and 35 laypersons who viewed and evaluated videotaped interviews of 3- and 5-year-olds providing true or false memory reports. The children's reports fell into the following categories based on a 2 (event type: true vs. false) × 2 (child report: assent vs. denial) factorial design: accurate reports, false reports, accurate denials, and false denials. Results revealed that adults were generally better able to correctly judge accurate reports, accurate denials, and false reports compared with false denials: For false denials, adults were, on average, "confident" that the event had not occurred, even though the event had in fact been experienced. Participant age predicted performance. These findings underscore the greater difficulty adults have in evaluating young children's false denials compared with other types of reports. Implications for law-related situations in which adults are called upon to evaluate children's statements are discussed.
Authors:
Stephanie D Block; Donna Shestowsky; Daisy A Segovia; Gail S Goodman; Jennifer M Schaaf; Kristen Weede Alexander
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2011-11-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Law and human behavior     Volume:  36     ISSN:  1573-661X     ISO Abbreviation:  Law Hum Behav     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-03     Completed Date:  2013-03-19     Revised Date:  2014-07-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7801255     Medline TA:  Law Hum Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  365-74     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Child Abuse / legislation & jurisprudence
Child, Preschool
Deception*
Denial (Psychology)
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Female
Humans
Judgment*
Male
Memory*
Middle Aged
Qualitative Research
Questionnaires
Truth Disclosure*
United States
Video Recording
Young Adult
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
T32 HD007302/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; T32 HD007376/HD/NICHD NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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