Document Detail

Texture of nanocrystalline nickel: probing the lower size limit of dislocation activity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23239731     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
The size of nanocrystals provides a limitation on dislocation activity and associated stress-induced deformation. Dislocation-mediated plastic deformation is expected to become inactive below a critical particle size, which has been proposed to be between 10 and 30 nanometers according to computer simulations and transmission electron microscopy analysis. However, deformation experiments at high pressure on polycrystalline nickel suggest that dislocation activity is still operative in 3-nanometer crystals. Substantial texturing is observed at pressures above 3.0 gigapascals for 500-nanometer nickel and at greater than 11.0 gigapascals for 20-nanometer nickel. Surprisingly, texturing is also seen in 3-nanometer nickel when compressed above 18.5 gigapascals. The observations of pressure-promoted texturing indicate that under high external pressures, dislocation activity can be extended down to a few-nanometers-length scale.
Bin Chen; Katie Lutker; Selva Vennila Raju; Jinyuan Yan; Waruntorn Kanitpanyacharoen; Jialin Lei; Shizhong Yang; Hans-Rudolf Wenk; Ho-Kwang Mao; Quentin Williams
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Science (New York, N.Y.)     Volume:  338     ISSN:  1095-9203     ISO Abbreviation:  Science     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404511     Medline TA:  Science     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1448-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.
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