Document Detail


Textural, nutritional and functional attributes in tomato genotypes for breeding better quality varieties.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20355037     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Screening of natural biodiversity for their better quality attributes is of prime importance for quality breeding programmes. A set of 53 tomato genotypes was measured for their textural [skin firmness, pericarp thickness, total soluble solids (TSS)], nutritional [phosphorus (P), potassium (K), iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), manganese (Mn) and titrable acidity (TA)] and functional (beta-carotene, lycopene and ascorbic acid) quality attributes. RESULT: Three sets of data (textural, nutritional and functional attributes) were obtained and analysed for their mutual relationships. Wide variations were observed in most of the measurements, e.g. skin firmness (coefficient of variability (CV) 269-612 g), pericarp thickness (CV 1.4-4.9 mm), potassium (CV 229-371 mg 100 g(-1)), iron (CV 611-1772 mg 100 g(-1)), ascorbic acid (CV 12-86 mg 100 g(-1)), suggesting that there are considerable levels of genetic diversity. Significant correlations (P < 0.05, 0.01) were also detected among different attributes of tomato genotypes, such as phosphorus and zinc with a correlation coefficient of 0.74, ascorbic acid and copper of 0.57, pericarp thickness and lycopene of - 0.52. However, there were no correlations between textural and nutritional attributes. Five factors were computed by principal component analysis that explained 66% of the variation in the attributes, among which all micronutrients other than iron, TSS, firmness and beta-carotene were most important. Functional attributes except beta-carotene played a less important role in explaining total variation. CONCLUSION: This knowledge could aid in the efficient conservation of important parts of the agricultural biodiversity of India. These results are also potentially useful for tomato breeders working on the development of new varieties.
Authors:
Supradip Saha; Nirmal K Hedau; Vinay Mahajan; Gyanendra Singh; Hari S Gupta; Anita Gahalain
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the science of food and agriculture     Volume:  90     ISSN:  1097-0010     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Sci. Food Agric.     Publication Date:  2010 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-31     Completed Date:  2010-09-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376334     Medline TA:  J Sci Food Agric     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  239-44     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
(c) 2009 Society of Chemical Industry.
Affiliation:
Vivekananda Institute of Hill Agriculture, Almora, Uttarakhand, India. s_supradip@yahoo.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Agriculture / methods
Antioxidants / metabolism*
Crops, Agricultural
Fruit / anatomy & histology,  chemistry,  genetics*
Genetic Variation*
Genotype
Lycopersicon esculentum / anatomy & histology,  chemistry,  genetics*
Micronutrients / analysis*,  genetics
Nutritive Value*
Principal Component Analysis
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antioxidants; 0/Micronutrients

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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