Document Detail

Text messaging to motivate walking in older African Americans: a randomized controlled trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23253653     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Older minority populations can benefit from increased physical activity, especially walking. Text messaging interventions have the potential to encourage positive changes in health behavior in these groups.
PURPOSE: To examine if a 6-week program of motivational text messaging increases physical activity (step count) among older African Americans in an urban setting.
DESIGN: RCT pilot study with assignment to motivational text messaging group or a control group.
SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-six African Americans aged 60-85 years.
INTERVENTION: The intervention group received motivational text messages three times a day, 3 days a week, for 6 weeks. Both groups received pedometers and walking manuals to record step counts. The study was conducted and data were analyzed in 2011.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome measure was step count. The secondary outcome measure was perceived activity levels assessed by the Leisure Time Exercise Questionnaire (LTEQ).
RESULTS: The group who received motivational text messages had greater improvements in step count (+679 vs +398; p<0.05) and perceived activity levels (p<0.05) than the group who did not receive text messages.
CONCLUSIONS: Motivational text messaging three times a week for 6 weeks was effective in increasing step count and self-reported leisure time exercise behavior among older African Americans.
REGISTRATION: This study is registered at www.clinicaltrials.govNCT01697475.
Bang Hyun Kim; Karen Glanz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of preventive medicine     Volume:  44     ISSN:  1873-2607     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Prev Med     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-20     Completed Date:  2013-06-03     Revised Date:  2013-11-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8704773     Medline TA:  Am J Prev Med     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  71-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Office of Minority Health and Health Disparities, Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University, Washington DC 20003, USA.
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MeSH Terms
African Americans / psychology*
Aged, 80 and over
Follow-Up Studies
Health Behavior
Leisure Activities / psychology
Middle Aged
Motor Activity / physiology
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Pilot Projects
Text Messaging*
Urban Population
Walking / psychology*

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