Document Detail

Tetraparesis resembling acute transverse myelitis in a captive chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes): long-term care and recovery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20444005     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: A 24-year-old, male chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) developed acute tetraparesis. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a diffuse T2-weighted hyperintensive lesion, indicating inflammation at the C1-2 level. All infective, autoimmune, and vascular investigations were unremarkable.
RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: The chimpanzee's condition most resembled acute transverse myelitis (ATM) in humans. The chimpanzee was in severe incapacitated neurological condition with bedridden status and required 24-hour attention for 2 months followed by special care for over a year. Initially, corticosteroid therapy was performed, and his neurological symptoms improved to some extent; however, the general condition of the chimpanzee deteriorated in the first 6 months after onset. Pressure ulcers had developed at various areas on the animal's body, as the bedridden status was protracted. Supportive therapy was continued, and the general condition, appetite, mobility, and pressure ulcers have slowly but synergistically recovered over the course of 2 years.
T Miyabe-Nishiwaki; A Kaneko; K Nishiwaki; A Watanabe; S Watanabe; N Maeda; K Kumazaki; M Morimoto; R Hirokawa; J Suzuki; Y Ito; M Hayashi; M Tanaka; M Tomonaga; T Matsuzawa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of medical primatology     Volume:  39     ISSN:  1600-0684     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Med. Primatol.     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-18     Completed Date:  2011-03-01     Revised Date:  2013-05-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0320626     Medline TA:  J Med Primatol     Country:  Denmark    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  336-46     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Center for Human Evolution Modeling Research, Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University, Inuyama, Aichi, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Ape Diseases / diagnosis*,  therapy
Diagnosis, Differential
Long-Term Care
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Myelitis, Transverse / diagnosis,  veterinary*
Nutritional Status
Pan troglodytes*
Paresis / cerebrospinal fluid,  etiology,  veterinary*
Pressure Ulcer / etiology,  veterinary
Spinal Cord Injuries / cerebrospinal fluid,  complications,  diagnosis,  therapy,  veterinary*

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