Document Detail

Testing of pulmonary function in a professional cycling team.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16823362     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: Asthma affecting elite athletes has been studied mainly in subjects practicing winter sports. The aim of our study was to test the pulmonary function in order to evaluate bronchial hyper-responsiveness prevalence in a team of 25 male professional cyclists (27.9+/-3.9 years old with a VO(2max) equal to 69.9+/-6.6 mL.min(-1) x kg(-1)). METHODS: Using a questionnaire that queried the presence or absence of asthma history or common symptoms of exercise induced bronchospasm, 72% of the subjects had upper airway or bronchial symptoms. Using a pneumotachograph, we recorded a forced flow-volume curve at rest, after a maximal exercise test with ambient air, and after beta2-agonist inhalation, then during a methacholine challenge. RESULTS: In our study, 52% of the subjects showed clinical symptoms associated with bronchial responsiveness during methacholine test, a proportion which is much higher than the average population (3-20%). However, ERS-ATS pulmonary function testing criteria at rest (reduced FEV1, FEV1/FVC, FEF25-75%) were not fulfilled by any of them. In the asthmatic group, O2max was significantly higher (70.5+/-6 vs 68.6+/-8.2, P<0.05). This remained true for submaximal loads suggesting that ventilation energy cost related to bronchial hyper-responsiveness was also higher. CONCLUSIONS: We have reported in this study that professional cyclists have a far higher prevalence of bronchial hyper-responsiveness than the average population, which can be regarded as a real health issue.
J Medelli; J Lounana; F Messan; J J Menuet; M Petitjean
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness     Volume:  46     ISSN:  0022-4707     ISO Abbreviation:  J Sports Med Phys Fitness     Publication Date:  2006 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-07-06     Completed Date:  2006-12-01     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376337     Medline TA:  J Sports Med Phys Fitness     Country:  Italy    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  298-306     Citation Subset:  IM    
Unit of Biology of the Effort and Sports Medicine, University Hospital Center, Amiens, France.
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MeSH Terms
Adrenergic beta-Agonists / diagnostic use
Asthma / physiopathology
Asthma, Exercise-Induced / physiopathology
Bicycling / physiology*
Bronchial Hyperreactivity / physiopathology*
Bronchial Provocation Tests
Bronchoconstrictor Agents / diagnostic use
Exercise Test
Follow-Up Studies
Forced Expiratory Flow Rates / physiology
Forced Expiratory Volume / physiology
Longitudinal Studies
Lung / physiology*
Maximal Midexpiratory Flow Rate / physiology
Methacholine Chloride / diagnostic use
Oxygen Consumption / physiology
Receptors, Adrenergic, beta-2 / agonists
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Adrenergic beta-Agonists; 0/Bronchoconstrictor Agents; 0/Receptors, Adrenergic, beta-2; 62-51-1/Methacholine Chloride

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