Document Detail

Testing whether and when parent alcoholism uniquely affects various forms of adolescent substance use.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22886384     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The current study examined the distal, proximal, and time-varying effects of parents' alcohol-related consequences on adolescents' substance use. Previous studies show that having a parent with a lifetime diagnosis of alcoholism is a clear risk factor for adolescents' own substance use. Less clear is whether the timing of a parent's alcohol-related consequences differentially predicts the adolescent's own substance involvement. Using a multilevel modeling approach, we tested whether adolescents showed elevated rates of alcohol, heavy alcohol, marijuana and other illegal drug use (a) at the same time that parents showed alcohol-related consequences (time-varying effects), (b) if parents showed greater alcohol-related consequences during the child's adolescence (proximal effects), and (c) if parents had a lifetime diagnosis of alcoholism that predated the child's adolescence (distal effects). We tested these effects in a high-risk sample of 451 adolescents assessed over three waves beginning at ages 11-15 from 1988 to 1991 (53 % male, 71 % non-Hispanic Caucasian, 54 % children of alcoholic parents and 46 % matched controls). Strong and consistent distal effects of parent alcoholism on adolescent's substance use were found, though no additional risk was associated with proximal effects. Limited time-varying effects were also found. The importance of differentiating the timing effects of parent alcoholism in identifying underlying mechanisms of risk for adolescent substance use is discussed.
Andrea M Hussong; Wenjing Huang; Daniel Serrano; Patrick J Curran; Laurie Chassin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of abnormal child psychology     Volume:  40     ISSN:  1573-2835     ISO Abbreviation:  J Abnorm Child Psychol     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-16     Completed Date:  2013-05-01     Revised Date:  2013-11-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0364547     Medline TA:  J Abnorm Child Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1265-76     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of North Carolina, CB#3270 Davie Hall, UNC-CH, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3270, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Adolescent Behavior / psychology*
Child of Impaired Parents / psychology*
Longitudinal Studies
Risk Factors
Rural Population
Social Class
Substance-Related Disorders / psychology*
Grant Support

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