Document Detail

Testing the Effectiveness of Two Cranial Base Foramina for Metric Sex Assessment of Fragmentary Remains.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22390305     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
  Sex differences in linear and area dimensions of the foramen ovale and external opening of the carotid canal were analyzed in a documented French sample (35 men and 32 women). The results demonstrated that a low level of sexual dimorphism is present in the cranial base foramina of this sample, with only two-thirds of the examined variables exhibiting statistically significant differences (p < 0.05) between the sexes. The cross-validated sex classification accuracy rates obtained for univariate and multivariate discriminant functions ranged from only 54.7 to 72.1%. In addition, measurements of the cranial base foramina were found to be difficult to record with precision, with intra-observer error percentages ranging from 2.35 to 4.23%. Error rates of this magnitude may result in the misallocation of specimens. Therefore, osteometric analysis of the foramen ovale and carotid canal external opening cannot be recommended as a useful method for cranial sex assessment in this population group.
P James Macaluso
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of forensic sciences     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1556-4029     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375370     Medline TA:  J Forensic Sci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.
Department of Anthropology, Binghamton University (SUNY), PO Box 6000, Binghamton, NY 13902-6000.
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