Document Detail


Testicular cancer in cryptorchids.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6120755     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
One-hundred thirty-seven patients with a history or clinical evidence of cryptorchidism and testicular germinal tumor were treated at our hospital from 1934 to 1976. Cryptorchidism was corrected ipsilaterally or contralaterally in 93 patients with intrascrotal testis cancer when they were from 2 to 42 years old, either spontaneously (24 patients), by orchiopexy (58 patients), or by hormonal therapy (11 patients). Forty-four cryptorchid patients (uncorrected cases) had either ipsilateral inguinal (24 patients), or abdominal (14 patients), or contralateral intrascrotal tumors (six patients). Tumor histologic types on orchiectomy were pure seminoma in 56 patients, embryonal carcinoma in 41, teratocarcinoma in 37, and pure choriocarcinoma in 3. The five-year survival rates were similar in the corrected (61%) and uncorrected (63%) cases, and they were higher in patients with pure seminoma (79%) than in patients with germinal carcinomas (50%). The majority (64 of 80) of five-year survivors received regional lymphatic irradiation in 41 patients with pure seminoma and/or systemic chemotherapy in 23 patients with other germinomas. Since the testicular tumors that developed despite correction of the cryptorchid state were predominantly (72%) germinal carcinomas, unilateral cryptorchidism, which usually is associated with testicular atrophy, should be treated by orchiectomy instead of orchiopexy to prevent ipsilateral carcinogenesis. Cryptorchid patients with testicles that descended late should be observed periodically, especially after the 20-year latent period, for early detection of cancer.
Authors:
M A Batata; F C Chu; B S Hilaris; W F Whitmore; R B Golbey
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cancer     Volume:  49     ISSN:  0008-543X     ISO Abbreviation:  Cancer     Publication Date:  1982 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1982-05-12     Completed Date:  1982-05-12     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374236     Medline TA:  Cancer     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1023-30     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Castration
Child
Child, Preschool
Cryptorchidism / complications*,  pathology,  therapy
Hormones / therapeutic use
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / radiotherapy
Neoplasm Staging
Prognosis
Scrotum / surgery
Testicular Neoplasms / complications*,  pathology,  therapy
Testis / pathology,  surgery
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Hormones

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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