Document Detail

Test of motor and neurological functions in high-risk infants: preliminary findings.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6685138     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A 24-item Test of Motor and Neurological Functions (TMNF) was developed to measure automatic and equilibrium reactions, muscle tone, primitive reflexes, and qualitative movement findings in infants up to 12 months of age. A preliminary study was conducted with data gathered on 31 high-risk and 25 full-term infants ranging in age from 0 to 12 months. The psychometric quality of the test was investigated in terms of construct validity and interobserver reliability. It was determined that the most effective subtests were the automatic/equilibrium reactions and muscle tone subtests for the 7 to 12-month age group. The high-risk infant sample revealed significantly more qualitative findings at all age levels when compared to the full-term infants, particularly after 6 months of age. It was also found that the TMNF could be administered with a high degree of objectivity. These findings must be regarded as "tentative" until longitudinal cross-validation studies and research on decision-making reliability have been conducted.
G A DeGangi; R A Berk; J Valvano
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics : JDBP     Volume:  4     ISSN:  0196-206X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Dev Behav Pediatr     Publication Date:  1983 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-12-17     Completed Date:  1983-12-17     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006933     Medline TA:  J Dev Behav Pediatr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  182-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Infant, Low Birth Weight / psychology*
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Newborn, Diseases / psychology
Infant, Premature / psychology*
Motor Skills*
Muscle Tonus
Neurologic Examination / methods*
Reflex, Abnormal / diagnosis

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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