Document Detail


Territorial aggressiveness on the arboreal ant Azteca alfari by Camponotus blandus in French Guiana due to behavioural constraints.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18722985     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study reports new information on interactions between two sympatric ant species, the plant-ant Azteca alfari (Dolichoderinae) living in association with the myrmecophyte Cecropia obtusa (Cecropiaceae) and Camponotus blandus (Formicinae), a ground-nesting, arboreal-foraging species. Workers of A. alfari forage only on the foliage and the upper parts of the trunk of their host Cecropia, while C. blandus nests in the ground but frequently forages and patrols pioneer tree foliage, including Cecropia. The activity pattern of A. alfari and the number of C. blandus on Cecropia obtusa was monitored hourly during a two-day period in a disturbed area in French Guiana. The maximum activity of C. blandus occurred between 8:30 and 12:30, at which time A. alfari had retreated within the domatia and were least present on the trunks. Even though aggressive confrontations were observed, C. blandus workers often initiate confrontations but do not prey on A. alfari nor exploit food bodies produced by Cecropia, the principal food source of A. alfari. Hence hostility appears to be the result of territoriality. Differences in their foraging rhythms are proposed as promoting resource and territory partitioning in this ant assemblage.
Authors:
Melanie McClure; Mathieu Chouteau; Alain Dejean
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Comptes rendus biologies     Volume:  331     ISSN:  1631-0691     ISO Abbreviation:  C. R. Biol.     Publication Date:  2008 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-08-25     Completed Date:  2008-10-31     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101140040     Medline TA:  C R Biol     Country:  France    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  663-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Biology Department, Concordia University, Montreal H4B 1R6, Quebec, Canada. m_mcclur@alcor.concordia.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Ants / physiology*
Behavior, Animal / physiology*
Circadian Rhythm / physiology
French Guiana
Territoriality*
Trees

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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