Document Detail

Tensor veli palatini preservation, transection, and transection with tensor tenopexy during cleft palate repair and its effects on eustachian tube function.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20048619     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: During cleft palate repair, levator sling palatoplasty with tensor veli palatini tendon transection significantly improves speech results. However, the procedure may pose a risk to eustachian tube function. This study assesses the impact of three types of palatoplasty techniques on eustachian tube function: no tensor transection, tensor transection alone, and a new addition to the palatoplasty technique, tensor tenopexy.
METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of all patients undergoing cleft palate repair at two institutions between 1997 and 2001. Three cleft palate repair groups were studied: no tensor transection (n = 64), tensor transection alone (n = 31), and tensor tenopexy (n = 52). The percentages of patients requiring myringotomy tubes at each year of age were compared among the three groups.
RESULTS: By 7 years of age, there was a significantly decreased need for myringotomy tubes in patients who underwent no tensor transection compared with patients who underwent tensor transection alone (38 percent versus 61 percent, respectively; p = 0.05), as well as for patients who underwent tensor tenopexy compared with patients who underwent tensor veli palatini tendon transection (23 percent versus 61 percent, respectively; p < 0.001). Also, by the age of 7, there was a trend toward a decreased need for myringotomy tubes in patients who underwent tensor tenopexy compared with patients who underwent no tensor transection (23 percent versus 38 percent, respectively; p = 0.11).
CONCLUSIONS: No tensor transection and tensor tenopexy significantly decrease the need for myringotomy tubes compared with tensor transection alone. There is a small decrease in the need for myringotomy tubes when comparing tensor tenopexy with no tensor transection.
Roberto L Flores; Bethany L Jones; Joseph Bernstein; Michael Karnell; John Canady; Court B Cutting
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Plastic and reconstructive surgery     Volume:  125     ISSN:  1529-4242     ISO Abbreviation:  Plast. Reconstr. Surg.     Publication Date:  2010 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-01-05     Completed Date:  2010-02-16     Revised Date:  2014-10-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1306050     Medline TA:  Plast Reconstr Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  282-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Cleft Palate / physiopathology*,  surgery*
Eustachian Tube / physiopathology*
Oral Surgical Procedures / methods*
Palate, Soft / surgery*
Retrospective Studies
Velopharyngeal Insufficiency / physiopathology,  surgery

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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