Document Detail

Tension pneumopericardium in a preterm infant without mechanical ventilation: a rare cause of cardiac arrest.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9560047     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A preterm infant with a gestational age of 32 weeks developed a tension pneumopericardium during the second day of life. The infant was treated with nasal continuous positive airway pressure and was not mechanically ventilated before pneumopericardium occurred. After emergency pericardiocentesis, two recurrences of pneumopericardium without clinical deterioration were diagnosed by X-ray during a 2-d observation period. A continuous pericardial drainage was positioned and was successfully removed on the seventh day of life after weaning from the ventilator. Tension pneumopericardium may occur even in non-ventilated newborns and should be considered as a rare but important differential diagnosis of cardiac arrest.
M Heckmann; W Lindner; F Pohlandt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)     Volume:  87     ISSN:  0803-5253     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Paediatr.     Publication Date:  1998 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-06-18     Completed Date:  1998-06-18     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9205968     Medline TA:  Acta Paediatr     Country:  NORWAY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  346-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Paediatrics, University of Ulm, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Disease-Free Survival
Heart Arrest / diagnosis,  etiology*,  therapy
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature, Diseases / etiology*,  radiography,  therapy
Pneumopericardium / complications*,  radiography,  therapy
Positive-Pressure Respiration

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